AFGHANISTAN: Unpaid volunteers prop up health system
A community health worker talks to a group of pregnant and lactating mothers in Kabul's District 8
KABUL, 3 January 2011 (IRIN) - Some 22,000 community health volunteers in Afghanistan are vital to the country’s health system but some are beginning to wonder if they might provide a more effective service if they were paid, and had formal work contracts.
From the implementation of immunization campaigns to the delivery of basic healthcare services and dissemination of critical health messages, the health volunteers, also known as community health workers (CHWs), are “first line healthcare providers”, officials say.
"If we are to see Afghanistan's public health system stand on its own two feet, we have to develop a system that can sustain the interest and commitment of CHWs who are, in fact, volunteers," said Suraya Dalil, the acting public health minister.
“If we don’t remunerate their work or fail to provide facilities for them, I think we will risk losing a very precious health asset in this country,” Sayed Habib Arwal, director of the community-based health care department in the Health Ministry, told IRIN.
“CHWs are saving lives, reducing diseases and enhancing awareness about health issues. We would be unable to sustain the existing healthcare system without them.”
Every community health volunteer/worker undergoes a six-month free-of-charge Health Ministry training course which equips them to provide basic and emergency health services and advice.
The World Health Organization (WHO) appears to back the above stance of health officials: "We really need to train more female CHWs and community health supervisors and bring them into the workforce if we are to achieve Millennium Development Goals [MDGs] 4 and 5 targeting maternal and child health in Afghanistan," Peter Graaff, WHO representative in Afghanistan, was quoted as saying in a joint press statement on 5 December.
Despite reported progress in the health sector thanks to donor funding and NGO activities over the past eight years, Afghanistan still has some of the worst health indicators in the world: Every day almost 50 women die during pregnancy and/or childbirth; one in every five children dies before his/her fifth birthday.
A lack of skilled health workers - only two doctors per 10,000 people, according to WHO
- particularly in insecure and rural areas, is resulting in serious health problems.
Over the next five years, the Health Ministry plans to reduce infant and maternal mortality by 50 percent and expand basic healthcare services to 95 percent of the country.
Achieving these MDG objectives
will require almost US$1 billion, thousands of additional health workers and volunteers, and increased collaboration with NGOs, officials and experts say.
The country spends about 5 percent of its gross domestic product ($11.6 billion in 2007) on health
, and relies extensively on donor funding for the health sector.