As South Sudan turns five, there's little to celebrate.
The country became independent on 9 July 2011. In December 2013, a power struggle within the government led to internal conflict and widespread civilian displacement.
The conflict added to an economic crisis linked to the falling oil price and a drop in exports by pipeline through its former enemy, Sudan.
A peace deal between rivals President Salva Kiir and Vice-President Riek Machar seems at risk as shootings were reported from the capital Juba, this week.
Inflation, displacement and hunger are on the rise. Relief efforts have cost $6 billion since independence and a UN peacekeeping mission costs an additional $1 billion per year.
UPDATE, 9 August 2016: inflation hits over 600 percent in July.
lead photo: IOM