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Cattle in poor countries produce more earth-warming gases
16 December 2013 (IRIN ), Cattle bred for meat and dairy in some poor countries can emit 100 times more earth-warming carbon dioxide than those in rich countries for each kilogramme of protein (milk, meat) produced, says a new study.
Find the child, treat them early: message from Mali
13 December 2013 (IRIN ), The mortality rate among children under age five living in Yirimadjo, Mali, southeast of the capital, Bamako, decreased by nearly tenfold over three years after the Malian Ministry of Health and NGOs Tostan and Muso introduced a new healthcare model: proactively seeking out patients and treating them early.
Analysis: Stopping disease swaps between humans and animals
13 December 2013 (IRIN ), With more than half of all human infections originating in animals, experts say a multi-sectoral, global response to zoonoses - diseases passing between animals and humans - is urgently needed. IRIN talked to a panel of experts to learn just how deadly humans and animals can be to one another, and ultimately how each can save the other.
Finding new ways to make viral load testing cheaper
13 December 2013 (IRIN ), Are you taking antiretroviral (ARV) drugs and want to know how well you're doing? If you live in a wealthy country, chances are that your progress is regularly checked using the "gold standard" - a viral load test. If you're in a developing country, where more people are on ARV medication and the need is greater, the expensive and complex test is hard to find, making it even more difficult to monitor whether your treatment is failing and you need to change your medication.
Sectarian violence goes unaddressed in Nigeria
13 December 2013 (IRIN ), The deaths of more than 3,000 victims of sectarian violence in central Nigeria since 2010 have largely been ignored by the government, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said in a report released on 12 December, Turning a Blind Eye to Mass Killings.
Updated timeline of Boko Haram attacks and related violence
12 December 2013 (IRIN ), Despite a fierce crackdown on insurgent group Boko Haram by Nigerian security forces, violence in northeastern Nigeria has not abated. Over 100 people have been killed in attacks in recent weeks, and some fear the violence will only worsen as the 2015 elections approach. Thousands of troops have been fighting Boko Haram in the north since President Goodluck Jonathan declared a state of emergency in May 2013. Rights groups have accused all involved - Boko Haram, the government’s Joint Task Force and civilian vigilante groups - of carrying out human rights abuses, putting civilians at risk of violence from all sides.
Look at growth and governance, not poverty, says report
11 December 2013 (IRIN ), Daniel Runde, of the Washington-based Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), has just lobbed a firecracker into the debate over the future of aid and development. Now is the time, he says, for donor countries to shift their focus away from alleviating poverty. It is time, instead, he says, to concentrate on helping developing countries reach a position from which they can end poverty and deliver social goods for themselves.
Bad credit adds to Zimbabwe’s food insecurity
11 December 2013 (IRIN ), The drying-up of credit lines to the Zimbabwe government, apparent donor fatigue and a determined stand against GM foods are pushing up the price of the staple grain, maize, by nearly a third in some drought-hit areas compared to a year ago, according to humanitarian organizations and economists.
Nelson Mandela's activism remembered at AIDS and STIs conference
9 December 2013 (IRIN ), AIDS conference opening ceremonies are usually a buzzing cacophony of noise, protest and activity. But the 17th International Conference on AIDS and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in Africa, held in Cape Town, South Africa, has kicked off on a more sombre note. The death of Nelson Mandela, former President of South Africa and noted AIDS activist, had speakers at the opening ceremony reflecting on his contribution to the global AIDS response.
Aid agencies struggle to reach all of CAR’s needy
6 December 2013 (IRIN ), Chaos following a coup in the Central African Republic (CAR) has left half the population of 4.6 million in need of assstance, some 400,000 people displaced and countless living in fear of increasingly brutal and sectarian violence.

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