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 685 items in 35 pages
Islamic law and the rules of war
24 April 2014 (IRIN ), Islamic law contains a rich, but complex set of rules on the protection of civilians which can be difficult to understand, given the range of sources and interpretations available. IRIN walks you through the basics.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99987/Islamic-law-and-the-rules-of-war
Jihadi jurisprudence? Militant interpretations of Islamic rules of war
24 April 2014 (IRIN ), Within extremist militant circles is a debate over acceptable behavior under the Islamic rules of war. This so-called “jihadi jurisprudence” is increasingly studied by humanitarians as practitioners seek to understand the degree to which there is room for even the most radical armed groups to be influenced in favour of the protection of civilians and aid workers.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99988/Jihadi-jurisprudence-Militant-interpretations-of-Islamic-rules-of-war
Can Islamic law be an answer for humanitarians?
24 April 2014 (IRIN ), In the last decade, aid and advocacy agencies have increasingly tried to understand Islamic law in order to use its humanitarian provisions as tools of negotiation with armed groups in the Muslim world. While the approach has seen some successes, it also raises certain ethical dilemmas.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99989/Can-Islamic-law-be-an-answer-for-humanitarians
Rough guide to Islamic rules of war
24 April 2014 (IRIN ), There is a renewed interest in translating classical texts about Islamic rules of war into English, adding to the increasing body of work on the intersections between Islam, international humanitarian law (IHL) and the protection of civilians. IRIN provides this study guide to get you started.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99990/Rough-guide-to-Islamic-rules-of-war
Analysis: Water and conflict
22 April 2014 (IRIN ), In 2001 then UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan declared: “Fierce competition for fresh water may well become a source of conflict and wars in the future.” A year later he revised that position, saying water problems could be a “catalyst for cooperation”.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99972/Analysis-Water-and-conflict
Survival of the biggest - side-lining of local NGOs in disasters
21 April 2014 (IRIN ), Five days after Typhoon Haiyan struck the Philippines, Paul Valentin was giving a TV interview in his role as international director of Christian Aid.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99963/Survival-of-the-biggest-side-lining-of-local-NGOs-in-disasters
Fortified food - persuading the private sector to do good
18 April 2014 (IRIN ), With a certain amount of fanfare, Nigeria has just officially become a middle income country. It is not the sort of country associated with widespread hunger, or a country where people normally get, or expect to get, food aid. And yet around a quarter of small children in Nigeria are underweight, and around 40 percent are stunted; they do not get enough nutritious food to reach their full physical and mental potential.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99960/Fortified-food-persuading-the-private-sector-to-do-good
Analysis: Can the world really end poverty by 2030?
17 April 2014 (IRIN ), The slogan “make poverty history” has been used by development pundits and pop star philanthropists for years. Now, in a bid to turn words into deeds, it is being discussed as a universal global target to be met within a generation.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99950/Analysis-Can-the-world-really-end-poverty-by-2030
Acting locally - the South's rising philanthropy
11 April 2014 (IRIN ), Forget Gates. Move over Oprah. Emerging economies too have their own home-grown titans of philanthropy, providing a potentially better attuned and more sustainable income source for local humanitarian and development needs.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99923/Acting-locally-the-South-s-rising-philanthropy
Africa’s Top 10 Philanthropists
11 April 2014 (IRIN ), An estimated US$7 billion is given away every year by Africa’s philanthrocapitalists – at least the ones we know about. These are the men (sadly no women yet on this list) providing home-grown solutions to local needs.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99924/Africa-s-Top-10-Philanthropists
Tapping into a tradition of giving
11 April 2014 (IRIN ), Traditional and faith-based forms of giving have been around for centuries and continue to play a major role in determining people’s giving patterns. There is much excitement about the pace at which formal philanthropy is taking hold in many developing countries, but some believe that understanding - and perhaps harnessing - indigenous traditions could make philanthropic initiatives more sustainable in the long run.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99925/Tapping-into-a-tradition-of-giving
Ethnic Somalis under pressure in Kenyan capital
11 April 2014 (IRIN ), Thousands of ethnic Somalis have been arrested and detained in an ongoing security operation dubbed Usalama Watch mainly in Eastleigh, a suburb of Nairobi often known as “Little Mogadishu” because of its predominantly Somali population. Usalama means security in Swahili.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99927/Ethnic-Somalis-under-pressure-in-Kenyan-capital
Back to the ballot-box - Guinea-Bissau seeks stability
11 April 2014 (IRIN ), Guinea-Bissau observers doubt that the long-delayed post-coup presidential election set for 13 April will be sufficient to jolt the country back to stability. But there are hopes that the polls will restore constitutional order, revive donor support and stabilize the economy.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99929/Back-to-the-ballot-box-Guinea-Bissau-seeks-stability
Analysis: Scaling up accountability to communities
10 April 2014 (IRIN ), SMS feedback in Haiti; radio outreach in the Philippines; community helpdesks in Darfur; a Humanitarian Call Centre in Pakistan: many such initiatives boost communication with disaster-affected communities, and in some cases improve accountability to communities, but most remain at pilot project scale because they are difficult to scale up. Evidence of the benefits remains piecemeal and in some cases projects risk being tokenistic rather than meaningful, said participants at a meeting of the Active Learning Network for Accountability and Practice (ALNAP) in Addis Ababa last month.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99915/Analysis-Scaling-up-accountability-to-communities
Vaccines alone cannot beat polio in Iraq*
10 April 2014 (IRIN ), A countrywide vaccination campaign is under way in Iraq following the country’s first confirmed case of polio in 14 years, but public health experts warn it will take more than immunization to beat the virus.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99922/Vaccines-alone-cannot-beat-polio-in-Iraq
Lack of funding threatens aid response in Iraq's Anbar Province
9 April 2014 (IRIN ), Funding shortages are threatening relief operations in Iraq's troubled Anbar Province, where violent clashes have led to the displacement of more than 400,000 people in three month. Without additional funding, some aid agencies would have to cease operations within one month.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99913/Lack-of-funding-threatens-aid-response-in-Iraq-s-Anbar-Province
Myanmar peace and development scorecard
8 April 2014 (IRIN ), Three years after Myanmar’s first nominally civilian government in decades came to power, many of the country’s 135 minority ethnic groups say they have yet to see any tangible change on the ground.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99899/Myanmar-peace-and-development-scorecard
NGO-NGO learning: what works?
8 April 2014 (IRIN ), A whole industry has emerged to foster humanitarian learning and, in the main, actors are increasingly collaborative and open when it comes to learning lessons from emergencies. But challenges persist, including a prevailing aversity to risk as the industry corporatizes, and a disconnect between individual and institutional, formal and non-formal, learning.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99900/NGO-NGO-learning-what-works
Analysis: How effective is Pakistan’s disaster authority?
3 April 2014 (IRIN ), The National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) was set up shortly after the 2005 quake that killed at least 87,000 people in northern Pakistan to act as the “implementing, coordinating and monitoring body” for disaster management.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99880/Analysis-How-effective-is-Pakistan-s-disaster-authority
Briefing: Punitive aid cuts disrupt healthcare in Uganda
2 April 2014 (IRIN ), Since the enactment of a draconian anti-homosexuality bill in Uganda just over a month ago, donors have been slashing or suspending aid to the country in protest. Health officials, activists and NGOs warn that this could have a major impact on healthcare services, particularly for HIV/AIDS patients.
http://www.irinnews.org/Report/99878/Briefing-Punitive-aid-cuts-disrupt-healthcare-in-Uganda

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