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HIV/AIDS: A deadly funding crisis
1 December 2011 (IRIN ), This World AIDS Day on 1 Dec should have been a much more joyous event: the global HIV/AIDS response has turned a significant corner, with record numbers of people on antiretroviral (ARV) treatment and fewer new HIV infections. But the announcement by the Global Fund to Fight AIDS Tuberculosis (TB) and Malaria, cancelling its next funding round, has cast a shadow over any celebrations and highlighted the precarious nature of HIV/AIDS funding.
HIV/AIDS: Feeling the pinch
1 December 2011 (IRIN ), Faced with the global economic downturn and less money from donors, national HIV programmes in East and Southern Africa - the region hardest hit by HIV/AIDS - are struggling to stay afloat. IRIN/PlusNews brings you a wrap of countries feeling the biggest pinch.
SOUTH AFRICA: Country launches new HIV, TB plan
1 December 2011 (IRIN ), South African government has chosen World AIDS Day 2011 to launch its new national strategic plan that, for the first time, will guide not only the national fight against HIV but also tuberculosis (TB) until 2016. The document contains several major policy changes, including the immediate provision of lifelong antiretroviral (ARV) drugs to all HIV-positive mothers and TB patients, as well as a focus on positive prevention.
SOUTH AFRICA: "Harsher regime" for asylum seekers
29 November 2011 (IRIN ), Nearly half a million asylum seekers in South Africa may lose their right to earn a living or study while their refugee status is being determined after indications that the government plans to amend legislation governing those rights.
GLOBAL: New ways needed to grow food
28 November 2011 (IRIN ), In another 40 years, many parts of the world will have run out of water for farming, says a new authoritative analysis of the state of the world's land and water resources.
SOUTH AFRICA: Activists urge change to patent laws
21 November 2011 (IRIN ), Ten years ago, the Doha Declaration allowed countries to circumvent patent rights to access life-saving medicines, particularly those used to treat HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. However, the South African government has failed to take advantage of these provisions, and increasingly important TB medication and second- and third-line antiretrovirals (ARVs) remain out of reach, activists warn.
AID POLICY: Donors still far from transparent
16 November 2011 (IRIN ), When nations gather in Busan, South Korea, for the fourth High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness, transparency will be up for discussion. A study by campaign group Publish What You Fund finds that most international aid donors are still not open enough about their aid programmes, and some offer no information at all.
MIGRATION: Rwandan refugees reluctant to repatriate
2 November 2011 (IRIN ), Rwandans who fled the 1994 genocide and sought asylum in other countries will lose their refugee status by the end of June 2012 if the countries hosting them follow a recommendation by the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR).
CLIMATE CHANGE: Soon every African village will know what the weather may bring
2 November 2011 (IRIN ), Information about how climate change may affect any city, town or village in Africa until the next century will be available by mid-2012 as scientists localise global climate data.
SOUTHERN AFRICA: Door-to-door outreach cuts TB prevalence
1 November 2011 (IRIN ), Home-based tuberculosis (TB) education and testing reduced community TB prevalence by about 20 percent, according to findings of a large, two-country study released at the International Lung Health Conference in Lille, France.

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